DNS Attacks: The Most Common Types and How to Prevent Them
DNS attacks are on the rise, and if you’re not familiar with what they are or how to protect your website from them, you’re at risk.
DNS attacks can come in various forms, but all of them are designed to exploit vulnerabilities in your DNS server to take control of your website or steal your data. This article will look at the most common types of DNS attacks and how to prevent them.
What Is DNS and How Does It Work?
You may have heard the term DNS thrown around, but do you know what it is? DNS stands for Domain Name System, a directory of domain names and their corresponding IP addresses.
When you enter a website address into your browser, your computer contacts a DNS server to resolve the name into an IP address; this process is necessary for your computer to communicate with the website’s server.
Now that you know what DNS is let’s look at some of the most common DNS attack types and how you can prevent them.
DNS Cache Poisoning
DNS cache poisoning is an attack that can target your computer or even an entire network. It works by corrupting the DNS cache on your device, which can then cause you to visit fraudulent websites or even be redirected to malicious ones.
This attack is often used to steal personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers. And it cannot be easy to detect, especially if you’re unfamiliar with DNS.
One of the best ways to protect yourself from DNS cache poisoning is to ensure your DNS settings are covered with a password. This will make it harder for anyone else to change them without your knowledge. You should also install a good antivirus and malware protection program and keep it up-to-date.
DNS spoofing is one of the most common types of DNS attacks. And it’s precisely what it sounds like—an attacker tricks your computer into thinking that the malicious website they’re directing you to is legitimate.
How do they do this? By hijacking the DNS server and redirecting traffic to their site. This can be done in several ways, but one of the most common is to send a fake email that looks like it’s from a trusted source.
If you’re unsure whether an email is legit, always hover your cursor over the link to see where it leads. If it doesn’t match up, don’t click on it!
Imagine opening your laptop one day and discovering that all your files have been encrypted. You try to access your email or Facebook, but they’re both inaccessible. This is what’s known as a DNS hijacking attack.
In a DNS hijacking attack, the hacker takes control of your DNS server and redirects all your traffic to a malicious website. This can steal your username and password, swipe your credit card information, or even install ransomware on your computer.
The best way to prevent a DNS hijacking attack is to use a secure DNS server to encrypt all of your traffic and protect it from being hijacked by hackers. You can also use a VPN to protect yourself from online threats.
You might have heard about DDoS attacks in the news—they can be pretty destructive.
DDoS stands for distributed denial of service, and essentially what that means is that the attacker uses a bunch of hacked devices to flood the target with traffic. This can overwhelm the target’s servers and take them offline.
There are a few ways to prevent DDoS attacks, but one of the most popular is to use a content delivery network (CDN). A CDN is a network of servers spread out worldwide so that when someone tries to access your website, they’re automatically redirected to a server close to them. This helps to reduce the load on your primary server.
How to Prevent DNS Attacks
So, you know the different types of DNS attacks that are out there. But how do you protect yourself from them?
There are a few things you can do. First, make sure you have a suitable security protocol in place. This means using strong passwords, regularly updating your software, and installing firewalls and antivirus software. You should also know what phishing scams are and how to spot them.
If you suspect you’ve been the victim of a DNS attack, change your passwords immediately and contact your web host. They should be able to help you get your site back up and running as quickly as possible.
DNS attacks are a severe threat to any organization and can come in many forms. By understanding the most common types of DNS attacks, you can take steps to prevent them from happening to your business.
The best way to protect your organization from DNS attacks is to use a reliable DNS provider that offers robust security protections. You should also ensure that all your employees know the dangers of DNS attacks and know how to spot them.
With the proper precautions in place, you can protect your business from the devastating effects of a DNS attack.